what is six sigma?

what is six sigma? six sigma has at least three different meanings depending upon the context.

There is not one answer to what is six sigma


The first answer to what is six sigma is that it is a management philosophy. Six sigma is a customer based approach realizing that defects are expensive. Fewer defects mean lower costs and improved customer loyalty. The lowest cost, high value producer is the most competitive provider of goods and services. Six sigma is a way to achieve strategic business results.

Another answer to what is six sigma is six sigma is a statistic. Six sigma processes will produce less than 3.4 defects or mistakes per million opportunities. Many successful six sigma projects do not achieve a 3.4 ppm or less defect rate. That just indicates that there is still opportunity.

A third answer to what is six sigma is that six sigma is a process. To implement the six sigma management philosophy and achieve the six sigma level of 3.4 defects per million opportunities or less there is a process that is used. The six sigma process is define, measure, analyze, improve and control DMAIC.

When answering the question what is six sigma understand that six sigma is not a set of new or unknown tools. Six sigma tools and techniques all are found in total quality management. Six sigma is the application of the tools on selected important projects at the appropriate time.

DMAIC six sigma approach.

The six sigma approach for projects is DMAIC (define, measure, analyze, improve and control). These steps are the most common six sigma approach to project work. Some organizations omit the D in DMAIC because it is really management work. With the D dropped from DMAIC the Black Belt is charged with MAIC only in that six sigma approach. We believe define is too important be left out and sometimes management does not do an adequate job of defining a project. Our six sigma approach is the full DMAIC.

Define (DMAIC).

Define is the first step in our six sigma approach of DMAIC. DMAIC first asks leaders to define our core processes. It is important to define the selected project scope, expectations, resources and timelines. The definition step in the six sigma approach identifies specifically what is part of the project and what is not, and explains the scope of the project. Many times the first passes at process documentation are at a general level. Additional work is often required to adequately understand and correctly document the processes. As the saying goes “The devil is in the details.”

Measure (DMAIC).

Many think when they start a journey the most important thing to know is where they are going. While we agree knowing where you want to go is very important, we believe some of the first information you need before starting any journey is your current location. The six sigma approach asks the Black Belt project manager to quantify and benchmark the process using actual data. At a minimum consider the mean or average performance and some estimate of the dispersion or variation (maybe even calculate the standard deviation). Trends and cycles can also be very revealing. The two data points and extrapolate to infinity is not a six sigma approach. Process capabilities can be calculated once there is performance data,

Analyze (DMAIC).

Once the project is understood and the baseline performance documented and verified that there is real opportunity, it is time with the six sigma approach to do an analysis of the process. In this step, the six sigma approach applies statistical tools to validate root causes of problems. Any number of tools and tests can be used. The objective is to understand the process at a level sufficient to be able to formulate options for improvement. We should be able to compare the various options with each other to determine the most promising alternatives. As with many activities, balance must be achieved. Superficial analysis and understanding will lead to unproductive options being selected, forcing recycle through the process to make improvements. At the other extreme is the paralysis of analysis. Striking the appropriate balance is what makes the six sigma Black Belt highly valuable.

Improve (DMAIC).

During the improve step of the six sigma approach ideas and solutions are put to work. The six sigma Black Belt has discovered and validated all known root causes for the existing opportunity. The six sigma approach requires Black Belts to identify solutions. Few ideas or opportunities are so good that all are an instant success. As part of the six sigma approach there must be checks to assure that the desired results are being achieved. Some experiments and trials may be required in order to find the best solution. When making trials and experiments it is important that all project associates understand that these are trials and really are part of the six sigma approach.

Control (DMAIC)

Many people believe the best performance you can ever get from a process is at the very beginning. Over time there is an expectancy that slowly things will get a little worse until finally it is time for another major effort towards improvement. Contrasted with this is the Kaizen approach that seeks to make everything incrementally better on a continuous basis. The sum of all these incremental improvements can be quite large. As part of the six sigma approach performance tracking mechanisms and measurements are in place to assure, at a minimum, that the gains made in the project are not lost over a period of time. As part of the control step we encourage sharing with others in the organization. With this the six sigma approach really starts to create phenomenal returns, ideas and projects in one part of the organization are translated in a very rapid fashion to implementation in another part of the organization.

Learn From ALI (alahesaalaam)

Learn from ALI A.S how to fight
without your ego participating.

* * * * *

God's lion did nothing
that didn't originate
from his deep center.

* * * * *

Once in battle he got the best of a certain knight
and quickly drew his sword. The man,
helpless on the ground, spat
in ALI's face, ALI dropped his sword,
relaxed, and helped the man to his feet.

* * * * *

"Why have you spared me?
How has lightning contracted back
into its cloud? Speak, my prince,
so that my soul can begin to stir
in me like an embryo."

* * * * *

ALI was quiet and then finally answered,
"I am God's Lion, not the lion of passion....
I have no longing except for the One.

* * * * *

When a wind of personal reaction comes,
I do not go along with it.

* * * * *

There are many winds full of anger,
and lust and greed. They move the rubbish around,
but the solid mountain of our true nature
stays where it's always been.

* * * * *

There's nothing now
except the divine qualities.
Come throught the opening into me.

* * * * *

Your impudence was better than any reverence,
because in this moment I am you and you are me.

* * * * *

I give you this opened heart as God gives gifts:
the poison of your spit has become
the honey of friendship."